The Ramayan

The Ramayan ( The oldest Indian Sanskrit epic ) The most popular Indian epic is perhaps that related to Ram and Sita. This wonderful epic is called the Ramayan and was written by a sage (saadhu) called Valmiki. The Ramayana consists of 24,000 verses in seven books (khandas) and 500 cantos  (sargas), and tells the story of Rama ( an Avatar of the Hindu preserver-God Vishnu ), whose wife Sita is abducted...

April 13th, 2011 by admin 

The Aryans

The Aryans The Aryans were among the first people to arrive in India. They are believed to have come from the plains of Central Asia perhaps in search of better pastures for their flocks and more fertile land to grow crops. When the Aryans arrived, there were already other people living in India. Their way of life was different from that of the Aryans. Aryans rode horses and used swords as weapons....

April 12th, 2011 by admin 

King Harshavardhan

Harshavardhan – ( AD 606 To AD 647 ) Prabhakaravardhan was the king of  Thaneshwar. His kingdom was near Kurukshetra (Haryana). He had two sons and one daughter. The sons were Rajyavardhan and Harshavardhan. The daughter was Rajyasri and she was married to the King of Kanauj. After king Prabhakaravardhan died, his eldest son Rajyavardhan became the king. Rajyavardhan goes to rescue Rajyasri… Soon,...

April 10th, 2011 by admin 

Babur – The Warrior

Zahir ud-din Muhammad Babur – The  Warrior (The Founder of the Mughal Dynasty) (AD 1526 to AD 1530) The Lodhi Kings… At the beginning of the 16th century, the Lodhi kings were ruling the Delhi Sultanate. But the Delhi sultanate had become small and weak. It had broken into many parts and these parts had established themselves as small independent kingdoms. Thus, the kingdom of the Lodhis...

April 10th, 2011 by admin 

Aurangzeb

Aurangzeb ( AD 1658 to AD 1707 ) Aurangzeb, Emperor Shah Jahan’s sixth son, was born on 24th October 1618 at Dohad in Madhya Pradesh. Aurangzeb came to the throne in 1658 after defeating all his brothers. He was a good warrior and an excellent general. He was also extremely hard-working and did not sleep for more than 2 hours a day. The problems in the kingdom… Aurangzeb ruled most of...

April 10th, 2011 by admin 

Akbar-The Great

Akbar-The Great – Moghul Emperor (AD 1556 to AD 1605) After Humayun died in 1556, his son Akbar was made the king. But at this time, Akbar was only 13 years old and running the empire was a big responsibility for a little boy. So, his sentinel Bairam Khan looked after the matters of the kingdom. Hemu Occupies Delhi… In this time, the nephews of Sher Shah, Adil and Sikandar decided to conquer...

April 9th, 2011 by admin 

The Buddha

The Buddha : ( 567 BC To 487 BC – more than 2,500 years ago ) Siddharth was the son of King Shuddhodan and his wife Maya. When Siddharth was only five years old, his mother died. Siddhartha was brought up by his mother’s younger sister, Maha Pajapati. As the boy grew up, his father tried his best to keep Siddharth happy. The King had three different palaces for three different seasons built...

March 25th, 2011 by admin 

The Huns

THE HUNS : (AD 458 TO AD 558) During the reign of the Gupta king Skandagupta, fierce nomads called the Huns came to India. The Huns were from central Asia and were excellent horsemen. They had heard about the wealth of India and decided to invade India. The Huns could stay on horseback for days together and it is said they could even sleep on horseback! They were good warriors too. Wherever they went,...

March 23rd, 2011 by admin 

The Gupta Kings

Gupta Dynasty 320 – 600 The Gupta Dynasty was established after the fall of the Kushan Kingdom and it was established in the central Ganges valley by a local raja, Chandragupta (not related to founder of Mauryan dynasty). Chandragupta founded the capital city at Pataliputra in northern India. The kingdom flourished and Samudragupta became the successor to Chandragupta. Samudragupta spread...

March 23rd, 2011 by admin 

The Kingdoms of South India- The Chola Army

The Oldest powerful kingdom of the South were the Cholas, Pandyas and Cheras. The Cholas had a fleet ships and were experts at naval battle. The Pandyas had a very huge army. The Pallavas, Cholas and Pandyas shared the power in the Tamil Country. Cheras ruled Kerala and Chalukyas reigned Karnataka. Towards the close of the second century AD, after the death of ‘Gauthamiputra Satkarni’ the...

March 23rd, 2011 by admin